They may possibly appear like relics of an alien civilisation, but these structures are essentially Brutalist monuments and war memorials identified throughout Central and Southeastern Europe.
The architectural jaw-droppers – some of which now lie abandoned – have been captured in a established of gorgeous photographs by British photographer Mark O’Neill.
The Berkshire-dependent photographer’s obsession with Brutalism in the former Yugoslavia and encompassing countries commenced in 2011 when he visited Bulgaria with his mother and father.
The intriguing Monument to the Revolution of the Folks in Croatia overlooks the tiny city of Podgarić
The astonishing Memorial Property of the Bulgarian Communist Celebration, on Buzludzha Peak, was crafted ‘as a tribute to the socialist movement in Bulgaria’, in accordance to a website dedicated to the creating, and opened in 1981. It is now deserted and its inside protected in graffiti. Still, people today journey from considerably and broad to gaze on this UFO-esque wonder
It is doable to acquire a tour of the Buzludzha monument. The impressive see is 1 of the attractions
The Gligino Brdo monument in Bosnia stands at 10 metres tall (32 feet) and is shaped like a flower, but vandalism and graffiti are each evident on the exterior at the bottom
The beautiful Spomen Park in Serbia capabilities a monument of tunnels and substantial triangular constructions, all erected in 1981 to pay tribute to Partisans who took on the Germans in Earth War II
This quirky monument located in the vicinity of Makljen, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, was erected in 1978 and was built to shell out tribute to Partisans who were being killed in the course of the Battle of the Wounded (the Fight of Neretva) in 1943
‘The unusual structures get the job done nicely with my fashion of pictures and are visually impressive, but I turned absorbed by the tales powering the monuments,’ Mark explained.
‘Located in previous war zones, a lot of of them have develop into victims of their political environment and bear the scars to display it. Some have been issue to armed service occupation for the duration of the Balkan conflicts and it’s not unusual to uncover bullet-holes and invested ammunition about the websites.’
Mark’s photographs include incredible pictures of jagged rock buildings and huge, imposing monuments whose glories have light in excess of time. Some boast chilling clues to a war-ravaged previous, even though some have both been vandalised or remaining to decay.
Some even though stand in readiness for restoration, thanks to a surge in curiosity and recognition for Brutalist masterpieces.
The famous Petrova Gora Monument in Croatia was developed in 1981 on the optimum peak of the mountain variety of the exact identify and pays tribute to those people who died in Environment War II
The 65ft Monument to the Detachment in Croatia’s Brezovica Forest was constructed just after the death of the first elm tree that grew on the web-site of a Environment War II memorial
Located in Bosnia, the jagged, symmetrical Tjentište monument commemorates the Struggle of the Sutjeska in 1943 when Axis powers attacked Partisan forces
Owing to its distant location and protected status in a countrywide park, the Monument to the Revolution in Bosnia escaped vandalism for the duration of the war-torn 1990s
The Monument to Fallen Troopers in Serbia is all jagged, geometrical designs that increase out of the ground impressively
The Stone Sleeper monument in Šumarice Memorial Park in Serbia is shaped to resemble haystacks, to pay tribute to farmers and peasants who have been slaughtered by the Nazis in Globe War II
The grand Bulgarian-Soviet friendship monument in Varna is an ageing Brutalist relic constructed to embody the countries’ Communist regimes
The stunning Barutana – Memorial to the Fallen of the Lješanska Nahija Region – stands very pleased like a big tree with mountain ranges in the background
This modern, curved stone framework in Grmeč in Bosnia and Herzegovina – the Monument to the Revolution – is reflected in an adjacent lake
This stunning inside shot of the Monument to the Revolution reveals broken stone and moss-coated walls
Mark skilled his lens on sites like the Battle of Sutjeska Memorial Monument Park – located in what is now Bosnia – which paid out tribute to Communist chief Tito but became a minefield all through the devastating Balkan wars among 1991 and 2001.
Other monuments and buildings – like the 12-tale Petrova Gora monument in Croatia – have been also employed by the military services during the conflicts.
Mark has captured these remarkable parts of record in both of those daylight and at evening, with some of the far more amazing results coming after he camped out during darkness to achieve the perfect, spooky shot.
The Kosmaj memorial advanced in Serbia is household to this beautiful star-formed framework, which Mark photographed in opposition to an equally starry night sky
Mark often takes advantage of torches worn on his head to create beautiful outcomes, like this picture taken in Šušnjar Monument Sophisticated in Bosnia
The breathtaking Stone Flower monument in Croatia was built in 1966 and dedicated to victims of atrocities fully commited at the Jasenovac concentration camp, a camp operate by the Croatian governing administration in league with Nazi Germany
The massive and ominous Viktorovac Cemetery Monument in Sisak, Croatia, pictured listed here pointing in the direction of the evening sky
Abandoned or neglected web-sites this sort of as the Stratište Memorial Sophisticated in Jabuka, Serbia, make for beautifully spooky photographs, specially if taken at night time
Monuments – or ‘spomeniks’ – are dotted close to the former Yugoslavia and provide a sobering reminder of the previous country’s war-torn past
‘I like to capture pictures amongst dusk and dawn,’ he continued. ‘With mild getting the medium of pictures, the night gets my blank canvas and will allow me resourceful liberty.
‘Using a hand-held torch to illuminate structures, I can decide on out the person features I want to work with and combine my lights with the results of a prolonged exposure to create a surreal aesthetic. Going to these areas at night time also delivers a entirely diverse ingredient to discovering a foreign land.’
Take a look at Mark’s Instagram page or web-site to see more of his perform.